These are a wide
range of different disease which are all acquired as a result of having sexual intercourse
with a person who has already contracted the infection.
What to look for
a white, yellow,
green, grey, or blood-streaked discharge that may have a strong smell.
genital and/or anal
a rash, blisters, sores,
lumps, bumps, warts on or around the genitals.
burning during urination.
swollen lymph glands in
pain in the groin or
flu like symptoms.
See also AIDS,
Chlamydia, Genital Herpes, Genital Warts, Gonorrhoea, Syphilis, Trichomoniasis.
diseases (STDs) are common and contagious diseases.
As the name of this group
of diseases implies, these infections can be contracted by means of vaginal, anal, or oral
sex. You are at high risk if:
you have more than one
you don't use protection
while having sex.
you share needles if
Most sexually transmitted
diseases can be cured or controlled if they are treated early. But you may not realise you
have an STD until it has damaged your reproductive system, vision, heart, or other organs.
Also, having an STD weakens the immune system and leaves you more vulnerable to other
Chlamydia, Gonorrhoea, and
syphilis are caused by bacteria, while AIDS, genital herpes, genital warts, and hepatitis B are caused by a virus. The pathogens that cause STDs
are found in bodily secretions such as semen, blood, vaginal fluids, and sometimes saliva.
Most of the organisms are spread by either sexual or personal contact.
If you are in a risky group
always have regular tests.
Never attempt to treat an
STD yourself. These diseases are contagious and dangerous. You must see a doctor.
Bacterial STDs can be cured
with antibiotics if treatment begins early enough. Viral STDs cannot be cured, but you can
manage symptoms with medications. There is a vaccine to prevent
hepatitis B, but it will not help if you have already contracted the disease.
See entries for specific
sexually transmitted diseases for information on alternative therapies. But remember
always seek conventional medical help first.
Douche with vinegar,
yogurt, or lemon juice solutions to relieve vaginal distress.
Take zinc and vitamins A,
C, and E to
boost your immune system.
techniques to ease stress.
Take warm baths and
Ask your doctor or
Pharmacist about other over-the-counter remedies.
Always avoid sex with
anyone who has genital sores, a rash, a discharge, or other disease symptoms. If you are
in a high-risk group you should:
Use condoms and
water-based lubricants. Remember that condoms are not 100 percent effective at preventing
Wash before and after
Get a vaccination for hepatitis B.
Avoid sharing towels or
items of clothing.
When to seek further